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新概念英语第二册语法精讲之动名词

时间: 02-21     手机版

  动名词:

  1.动名词定义:具有名词性质,可在句中担任主语,宾语表语,定语,具有所有格作修饰语。

  2.形式:以do为例

  doing → being done

  having done → having been done

  3.用法:

  (1)主语:

  Saving is easier than doing.

  His coming here will be a great help.

  It is no use waiting here, he has left.

  It is no goodsmoking.

  There is no getting along with him.(简直无法和他相处)

  ……以上例句皆必须要背诵!……

  (2)表语:His job is keeping the hall clean as possible.

  Seeing is believing.

  (3)宾语:

  a. 动词宾语:He admitted taking the book.

  I do mind your smoking here.

  重磅要点,请读20 遍:下列动词须跟动名词作宾语:

  admit, appreciate, avoid, complete, delay, deny, enjoy, fancy, finish, mind, practice, resent, risk, suggest, allow, permit...

  特注:以allow为例:allow + doing sth(动名词作宾语)。但可以:Allow sb to do sth(不定式作宾补)。

  这类动词常见如 advise, allow, permit, recommend, etc.

  b. 作介词宾语:

  He left without saying goodbye to us.

  I'm looking forwardto meeting you.(to 在这里是介词)

  (4)定语:

  reading room swimming pool walking stick


  4.动名词复合结构:由名词所有格或物主代词与动名词构成。

  His leaving is a great loss.

  Mother dislikes my (me) working late.

  John's having seen her did not make her worried.

  注:动名词复合结构多作主语或宾语,作主语是必须是所有格。如上二例,但作宾语时可以用所有格,也可用普通格。(解释得很拗口,请将例句看透即可!)

  5.动名词时态:

  I am thinking of setting a new dictionary.(以后)

  He never talked to me about his having been in Paris.(以前)

  6.动名词语态:

  He doesn't like being flattered.

  I heard of his having been chosen to be the coach of the team.

  7.动名词与不定式在用法上的几点比较:

  (1)在 begin,start,continue 等词后用动名词或不定式区别不大。

  He began writing / to write in 1980.

  (2)下列动词跟不定式或动名词所表示意义差别很大,注意使用。(用心咀嚼!)

  He stopped talking. 停止讲话。

  He stopped to talk. 停下来开始讲话。

  Please remember to post the letter. 记住寄走这封信。

  I remember posting the letter. 我记得寄出了这封信。

  I forgot to lock the door yesterday. 昨天我忘记锁门了。(未锁)

  I forgot telling him the news. 我忘了我曾告诉过他这个消息。(做过的事情忘记了)

 

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