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so…that还是very…that

时间: 02-27     手机版

He looked _________ funny that we couldn’t help laughing.

A. very B. much D. rather D. so

答案选D,请注意其后的 that,该句使用的是 so … that …句式,句意为“他看上去很滑稽,我们都禁不住笑了”。从语法角度讲,英语中的“very+形容词或副词”结构通常不能用来引出结果状语,所以 so ... that-clause (如此……以致于)、so ... as to do sth (如此……以至于做某事)、too ... to do sth (太……以致于不能做某事)、enough to do sth (足够的……可以做某事)等结构中的 so, too, enough 等词均不能用副词 very 来代替。比较:

他气得连话都说不出话。.

正:He was so angry as to be unable to speak.

正:He was so angry that he couldn't speak.

正:He was too angry to speak.

误:He was very angry as to be unable to speak.

误:He was very angry that he couldn't speak.

误:He was very angry to speak.

再请做下面一题:

Marsha got so carried away when arguing with her husband _________ she hit him.

A. since B. and C. until D. that

答案选D,属 so…that… 句式。全句意为“玛莎与她丈夫争吵过于激烈,以致动手打了他”。其中的 carry away 意为“使兴奋”、“使忘其所以”,通常用于被动语态,句中的 got carried away 可视为系表结构。

 

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